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Discussion phc314

Discussion phc314


The Saudi government claims the “Kingdom is facing a drug war on its youth”. 

  • Based on the attached recent research paper entitled “Drugs behind the veil of Islam: a view of Saudi youth”, explore the popular drugs in Saudi Arabia.

Here is the link to the research paper:

Abdulaziz AlghuwainemThree drug categories (natural narcotics, semi-synthetic narcotics, and synthetic narcotics) have varying levels of popularity in Saudi Arabia, depending on the region, age group, and socioeconomic status of the people.The most popular drug in the Kingdom is hashish. It is particularly popular with younger generations, as shown by prior study [8]. College students choose hashish because it is moderate and affordable. My friends say that smoking hash won’t make you dependant (Interviewee C). Some individuals think hashish is legal in Saudi since it is so popular among the population. The views of respondent C also provide credence to a longitudinal comparison study’s finding that, during the last 20 years, the educational attainment of drug users has dramatically increased [18]. Senior interviewee thinks that hashish’s attractiveness may be explained sociologically. It’s so popular among young people that you run the danger of alienating your peers if you don’t try it out with them. Eventually, you learn to accept it ” (Interviewee M). People who decide not to use hashish apparently face significant social pressures as more and more young people do so. The youth are being pushed to use marijuana or face continued rejection. Adult-only hookah establishments in Saudi Arabia sometimes mix hashish with tobacco or shisha, removing its unlawful narcotic properties and explaining its attractiveness [19]. There are sporadic links between gender and intake of hashish. G, the interviewee, says in the statement “Hash is also used by females. My sister informed me that her buddies often smoke hashish together. It’s common for Arabs to mix hashish with shisha. You should be informed that women also consume shisha and often mix it with hash. However, it may not be as popular as it is with men.” Additionally, there are a few subtle differences between rural and urban areas. According to respondent L, I’m from a little village, and I currently go to school in the second-largest city in the Kingdom. It seems that drug usage is more common in cities. However, drug users are found in both urban and rural areas.In Saudi Arabia, ket is the third most often used drug. The WHO classifies it as a natural drug for developing psychological dependence and it is manufactured from the leaves of a certain tree. Khat first appeared in Arab history when Yemeni Sufis started using it as a tea in religious ceremonies in the fourteenth century. It has grown in popularity among Arabs and among elites during the last 30 years [21]. Even though khat is illegal in Saudi Arabia, college students often chew the narcotic [22]. Khat addicts are more prone to have negative side effects such anorexia, sadness, aggressive behavior, hallucinations, and paranoia, according to study [23, 24]. However, interviewee A doesn’t seem to be aware of these detrimental effects. Some claim there are unfavorable impacts. There is a regional variance among drug users since khat originated in Yemen. “Smoking may cause cancer, but it seems you cannot locate many cases in which smokers acquire cancer in real life,” a friend of mine once said. According to interviewee A, “In the South, we like khat. It is strong and may keep you up all night even though it is less harmful than amphetamine and hashish. In the past, there were geographical variations in khat usage as well as a class disparity. The affluent prefer hashish and amphetamine since they are roughly four times more expensive than khat. According to respondent P, “Eating khat with having fat on your cheeks is impolite. I like Captagon more than khat.” However, this class disparity has recently narrowed as a result of the unrest in Yemen and the increase in khat prices. Khat is used to many different uses. It first aids in reviving or maintaining alertness. Interviewee M cites as an example “Khat was initially used by Sufis as tea. People start taking it often when they understand how much it may stimulate them. For instance, because we have to study all night before the final exam, several of my classmates use khat. Because so many Saudi students put off studying until the last minute, khat is vital. It also functions as a social tool. Respondent H claims that khat is both a sedative drug and a social activity “Khat is a shared pastime that my friends and I engage in together. Like wine, tea, coffee, and meals in other cultures, khat has been utilized in this way to create or sustain social bonds. Given that chewing khat is something of a secret hobby, treating one another to khat will surely strengthen connections.Reference:Anderson, D., Beckerleg, S., Hailu, D., & Klein, A. (2020). The khat controversy: Stimulating the debate on drugs. Routledge.?Al-Jenaibi, B. (2008). The effects of media campaigns on different cultures. Proceedings of World.

YACOB ALMARZOOGDepending on the geography, age group, and socioeconomic class of the Saudi population, the popularity of three drug types (natural narcotics, semi-synthetic narcotics, and synthetic narcotics) varies [17].Hashish is the most often used drug in the Kingdom. As seen in earlier research [8], the younger generations are especially fond of it. Hashish is popular among college students since it is mild and reasonably priced. Hashish smoking won’t make you dependent, according to my buddies (Interviewee C). Because it is so widespread among Saudis, some people believe that hashish is permitted in the country. The comments of interviewee C also support the conclusion of a longitudinal comparison research showing drug users’ educational attainment has significantly risen over the last 20 years [18]. Senior interviewee believes that there is a sociological explanation for hashish’s appeal. You risk alienating your classmates if you don’t test it out with them since it’s so well-liked among young people. You eventually come to accept it” (Interviewee M). There are reportedly strong societal pressures on individuals who choose not to consume hashish as more and more young people do so. The young people are under pressure to consume marijuana or risk ongoing rejection. Hashish is often combined with tobacco or Shisha in Saudi Arabian hookah bars for adults, thus stripping it of its illicit narcotic characteristics and explaining its appeal [19]. Weak correlations between gender and hashish consumption have been discovered. G, the interviewee, reveals that “girls also use hashish. My sister told me that her friends get together and smoke hashish. Arabs often combine hashish and shisha. You should be aware that women smoke shisha as well, and that they often combine it with hashish. But it may not be as well-liked as it is among males.” There are also minor distinctions between rural and urban locations. I come from a town, and I now attend school in the second-largest city in the Kingdom, as interviewee L explains. It seems that drug use is more prevalent in urban areas. However, both city dwellers and rural use narcotics.Khat is the third most widely used narcotic in Saudi Arabia. It is made from the leaves of a certain tree and is categorized as a natural substance for establishing psychological dependency by the WHO. When Yemeni Sufis began using khat as a tea in religious rituals in the fourteenth century, khat began to appear in Arab history. Over the last 30 years, it has spread among elites and gained popularity with Arabs [21]. Despite the fact that khat is prohibited in Saudi Arabia, college students nonetheless often chew the drug [22]. According to research, khat addicts are more likely to have undesirable side effects such anorexia, melancholy, violent behavior, hallucinations, and paranoia [23, 24]. Interviewee A, however, doesn’t seem to be aware of these negative repercussions. There are adverse effects, according to some. Because khat usage originated in Yemen, there is a geographical variation among drug users. My friends and I haven’t had a lot of experience with this. “Smoking may cause cancer, but it appears you cannot discover many examples in which smokers develop cancer in real life.” Interviewee A reveals, “We Southerners like khat. Although it is less dangerous than amphetamine and hashish, it is nevertheless potent and may keep you up all night. There used to be a class distinction in khat consumption in addition to regional differences. Since hashish and amphetamine cost nearly four times as much as khat, the wealthy prefer them. As respondent P states, “it seems uncouth eating khat with your cheek fat. I prefer Captagon than khat.” However, because to the turmoil in Yemen and the rise in khat prices, this class divide has lately diminished. Khat is used in a variety of ways. It first helps people feel refreshed or stay alert. Interviewee M reminds out that “Sufis first drank khat as tea. Later, people realize how much it may energize them, so they take it often. For example, many of my classmates use khat the night before the final test since we have to study all night. Khat is necessary because many Saudi students procrastinate until the very last minute. Secondly, it serves as a social tool. According to respondent H, khat is a social pleasure as well as a medicine used for sedation. “Khat is a social activity; I share it with my friends, and they share it with me. Khat has been used in this manner, much like wine, tea, coffee, and meals in other civilizations, as a vehicle for establishing or maintaining social relationships. Treating one other to khat may undoubtedly deepen relationships since chewing khat is something of a hidden activityReference:Jiang, G., Tang, S., & Jiang, Q. (2021). Drugs behind the veil of Islam: a view of Saudi youth. Crime, law and social change, 76(3), 299-319.

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