- Identify developmentally appropriate teaching strategies to use with young children.
- Explain how you will integrate and apply knowledge about children, content, and effective teaching strategies in your daily teaching.
1. Developmentally appropriate teaching strategies that teachers use is sensory engagement since children learn best by using their five senses (Kostelnik, 2019). Giving children direct contact with places, objects, people, and events gives them a firsthand experience which is the most effective way to use sensory engagement. Environmental cues use objects or symbols to signal children about expectations, rather than using verbal instructions. Another strategy is task analysis where a sequence of steps a child may follow to achieve multistep behavior is identified. These analyses are needed to help children gradually accomplish challenging task they cant accomplish all at once (Kostelnik, 2019).
Scaffolding is a strategy that can be used by assisting a child with a task and then slowly letting the child do the task on their own. Modeling is a technique that is used by teachers when they show a child how to do something and they imitate that behavior. Children also learn by imitating each other. Giving children effective praise acknowledges the child for how they have improved in their work ethic, and it will encourage them to do even better. Asking children effective questions help get their attention and help them learn better communication.
2. How I will apply knowledge in my teaching strategies is to make sure the curriculum I set up for my classroom is age appropriate. I will make sure their environment is setup in a way where the children can explore the world around them and ask questions about things they may not understand. I would make sure the environment contained centers that enhances their sensory engagement, and they get a lot of hands-on experiences. I know not all children develop and learn at the same rate so I would make sure to guide them in task they seem to struggle in. I would give the children opportunities to have continuous practice with content they may not understand fully.
When engaging with the children I will make sure to not be judgmental about what they are doing because criticism can affect a child in a negative way. Scaffolding different lessons and activities give children a way to do things on their own after I have assisted them. I will also be aware of making sure new material is introduced at the correct time, so the children wont feel so overwhelmed. I will observe how the children learn and what they can or can not do with or without assistance. Observing these things will help me in planning the curriculum to meet the needs of each individual child effectively.
Kostelnik, M. (2019). Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education. New York: Pearson.
A few developmentally appropriate teaching strategies that you can use with young children are as follows; sensory engagement which would be first-hand experience with real objects people places and events. Environmental cues which signal children about expectation using objects or symbols rather than verbal instructions. Task analysis which involves identifying the sequence of steps a child might follow to achieve some more trusted behavior give me. Scaffolding which is the process of providing and then gradually removing external support for children learning. Practice and repetition Which allows the children to learn through repetition and make sure they have everything that they need to learn.
The teaching strategy that I would use would be telling, explaining, and informing I would really take into consideration what age group I am working with. If I’m working with three- to four-year-olds I would use the content based on what my class would require, or my local state requires for me to do and I would teach the children according to how they need to know something and give them the appropriate information.