I’m working on a nursing discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Explain why trauma-induced anxiety is not an anxiety disorder according to DSM V.
Any anxiety disorder is indeed a specific kind of mental illness. If one suffers from an anxiety-linked disorder, one could experience fear and dread in response to particular things and circumstances. Additionally, anxiety can cause bodily symptoms like sweat and a racing heart. According to DSM V, a horrific event can cause trauma-induced anxiety, mainly referred to as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental health disease brought on by experiencing or seeing a situation (Stanciu et al., 2021). Most people who experience traumatic circumstances might initially struggle to adjust and cope; however, with time and adequate self-care, they typically get better. You might well have PTSD if the symptoms worsen, last for weeks, months, or even longer, and affect your daily functioning (Sandy) Macleod, 2021). The DSM-V states that PTSD has been moved from the group of anxiety disorders to a new diagnostic category called trauma-linked Disorders. Direct or indirect exposure to severe trauma, frequent, intrusive memories, persistent exclusion and rejection of anything and everything linked with trauma, a general unpleasant psychological state with continuous sensations of fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame toward the universe, irritable attitudes, an immediate hypersensitivity response, concentration issues, and sleep difficulties are all prerequisites for developing PTSD.
DSM V argues that the fundamental justification is that non-anxiety disorders such as dissociation experiences, angry outbursts, and self-destructive conduct frequently accompany PTSD symptoms. However, PTSD indeed exhibits symptoms that are similar to those of other anxiety disorders, and it often coexists with them. Additionally, it shares a high comorbidity rate with depression, just like other anxiety disorders (Brownlow et al., 2022). In contrast to a new category of trauma and stressor-related diseases, these common traits strongly suggest shared core elements and are significantly compatible with symptom-based composite models supporting a higher-order internalizing factor. There are significant ramifications for public health if the PTSD diagnosis is changed. To determine whether PTSD is better defined as an anxiety-linked disorder, a shock fear pathway, a perceiving disorder, or if it needs to be classified in another way. The DSM-V committee suggests reclassifying PTSD as a trauma liked disorder rather than an anxiety disorder even though the most substantial, most convincing data they offer supports keeping it in the anxiety disorder category. The justification for this change is undeveloped and downplays how important fear and anxiety are to PTSD (Gill et al., 2022).
DSM V firmly classifies trauma exposure as the only sporadically related to the symptoms of PTSD. The dependent nature of PTSD causes complexity not found in other diseases because almost every other condition, mainly in DSM, is basically based on specific distinctive symptoms. The evaluation of PTSD symptoms is only appropriate in conformity with the current diagnosis, which means the person has experienced a required trauma. Psychological symptoms that a person reports would not count as PTSD symptoms if they had not experienced this trauma. Each sign needs to be connected to the traumatic incident in some way, either temporally or contextually. In accordance with Macleod (2021), for symptoms to meet the requirements, they must either appear or worsen after the horrific situation.
(Sandy) Macleod, A. (2021). Symonds on fear and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). History Of Psychiatry, 33(1), 95-106. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957154×211051972
Brownlow, J., Miller, K., Ross, R., Barilla, H., Kling, M., & Bhatnagar, S. et al. (2022). The Association of Polysomnographic Sleep on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Clusters in Trauma-Exposed Civilians and Veterans. SLEEP Advances. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleepadvances/zpac024
Gill, G., Sommer, J., Mota, N., Sareen, J., & El-Gabalawy, R. (2022). Illness-induced post-traumatic stress disorder among Canadian Armed Forces Members and Veterans. Journal Of Anxiety Disorders, 86, 102472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2021.102472
Stanciu, C., Brunette, M., Teja, N., & Budney, A. (2021). Evidence for Use of Cannabinoids in Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, and PTSD: A Systematic Review. Psychiatric Services, 72(4), 429-436. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.202000189