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CRJ 590 Saint Leo University Lack of Prison Reforms Capstone Paper

CRJ 590 Saint Leo University Lack of Prison Reforms Capstone Paper

I have attached the paper that needs some additional work. The Factors Bearing the Problem is the discussion part of the paper. The four color-coded Factors Bearing the problem need at least four pages for each Factor. Please add to each Factor to make up four complete pages. When you add to each Factor please leave the color black, so I would know what was added. I will change it to the correct color once I’ve read what you have added. Everything else in the paper as for the Problem Statement, Conclusion, Action Recommended, Annotated Bibliography; You don’t have to add anything to it. I’ve also attached a sample paper. Could you please

Steps to Follow

The student’s task is to place yourself in the position of a member of a Criminal Justice planning staff; to review an approved agency problem; to summarize some research on the topic, and to write a paper for a chief or other criminal justice executive to act on. You must provide one or more recommended solutions for the problem you select.

Your writing must be clear and concise so the criminal justice executive can readily understand the problem, review the facts, comprehend the reasoning behind the solution/recommendations and be prepared to take action. Your research must reflect high academic quality.

The Administrative Position Paper FormatDO NOT DEVIATE FROM THIS FORMAT

Cover Page

The Administrative Position Paper must have a cover page using the APA format:

– No Running Head: For student papers

– Page Number (Top Right)

– Title of your Administrative Position Paper

– Your name

– University

– Number of course and name of the course

– Instructors name and title

– Assignments due date

(Note- DO NOT include anything else on your paper)

The cover sheet does not count in the total number of pages required.

The remainder of the format for the Administrative Position Paper is divided into five (5) sec­tions as follows: Title each section to identify the five (5) sections, use capital letters to identify paragraphs (or factors in section II)

The Problem

The statement of the problem tells the criminal justice executive what the difficulty is; what problem is to be solved. No discussion is necessary at this point. In later sections you will be elaborating on the facts, issues, solutions, etc.

The Problem does not count in the total number of pages required.

Factors Bearing on the Problem

This section includes facts or statements of truth which can be sub­stantiated. For example, “The average education level of the police officer in this city is 14.5 years (or high school plus 2 1/2 years college).” Another example might be, “Last year the citizens of this county only reported 200 crimes in progress to the police” or “the jail population averaged 20% above maximum capacity in fiscal year 1983/84.”

List each fact separately. (Use bullets to identify factors, however each factor MUST be a complete sentence). Each bullet item must ONLY be two sentences. You are to have 4 factors and if you require more, you must get permission from your instructor. Also, you must have an introductory statement to this section explaining what the section means. This introduction must be 2 -3 sentence ONLY. As an example, the introduction statement could be: This section of the paper will identify the four (4) issues that are directly related to the problem.

Also, at the end of the listed factors, the student must list any assumptions which lend weight to their final recommendation/solutions. Example: Assumption- It is assumed that if the victims of crimes are compensated for their time spent testi­fying in court, more citizens will be willing to become involved in pro­secutions; or, it is assumed that better trained officers will be able to more effectively communicate with the public. The assumption goes after the last factor. The assumption must not be any more than four (4) complete sentences.

You are to color each of the factors. Then when you are writing your information on a factor in the discussion section, you color the wording to match the factor. This way you have a clear visual on how much information you have written on the topic. You may keep the colors on the paper for each of the submissions, except the final submission.

The Factors do not count in the total number of pages required.


The discussion section is the “meat and potatoes” of the Administrative Position Paper. It contains the critical analysis of the problem and all possible factors researched. This is the critical area for the student to show the professor and your administrator you have done your research properly. This is the longest section. Cite all facts by using in-text citations. Nothing in the Discussion Section should contain personal knowledge, experience, or opinion from the author. Only facts—and —each fact must be formatted with an in-text citation according to the APA 7th edition format. Do not uses case studies and if you are going to use a personal communication, you are only permitted to use one and it should be no more than one (1) short paragraph. No charts, diagrams, case studies or long quoted material is to be used in the Discussion area. If you need to use charts, diagrams, case studies or quotes, you must put them into an Appendix and only refer to them in the Discussion Section. Material must be paraphrased and provided a citation; however, we will allow 15% of your entire paper to have quotes. If you are unsure of what the difference is between paraphrasing and direct quoted material, get with your instructor. No recommendations, action recommended information or solutions are to be discussed in this section. Only issues that are related to each of the factors as problems are to be discussed.

The Discussion does count in the total number of pages required. The Discussion should be no less than twelve (12) pages and no more than sixteen (16) pages.

Rule: Four (4) Factors- Each factor should have 3 to 4 pages for each one.


Now that you have shown how you reasoned through the problem, state a conclu­sion. The conclusion is nothing more than a brief statement of the best possible solution or solutions which you have described in detail in the Discussion section. You do not need to continue the discussion. You should not introduce new material in this section. Example: “Although new jails could be constructed to house more inmates, a new program of com­munity custody for first offenders convicted of nonviolent crimes would prove more cost-effective.”

The Conclusion does count in the total number of pages required. The Conclusion should be only one (1) complete page.

Action Recommended In this section you tell the instructor (and the criminal justice executive) what your final recommended action is. Alternate possible actions have already been reviewed in your Discussion section. You are making a commitment to a single course of action. Example: “It is recommended that the city hire five more prosecuting attorneys and three more judges in order to make the court system more expedient.” You include several steps that must be done in support of your action recommended, including a time frame for possible action steps, and a budget if appropriate. Ensure that you have addressed in your Action Recommended each of the factors so that the reader understands how your recommendation is related to what you indicated was a problem

The Action Recommended does not count in the total number of pages required; however, it must not be less than two (2) pages. Be detailed in your assessment.


Finally, include a section entitled References which lists all of your references as an annotated bibliography using the APA 7th edition format. If you are unfamiliar with how to write an annotated bibliography, please review the following website for this information references must be in alphabetical order.

Your paper WILL NOT be accepted if the references are not annotated.

The References do not count in the total number of pages required.

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